Should I Take the SAT® , the ACT, or Both?

Katya , 08-17-2017

I usually begin working with students early on, before they have chosen which test to take - SAT® or the ACT. Many of them ask me which test is better for their brain and which test is easier? First thing we do is look at their PSAT® and pre ACT scores, if available and v=begin to think deeply.

I hear that a lot of tutors prefer to tutor for the ACT, because it seems more predictable than the SAT® , but it doesn't mean it’s easier to study for.

Princeton Review Offers a Ridiculous Quiz which is supposed to help you define which course of actions is best for you. I’d like to warn you against this quiz! It consists of 9 overly simplistic questions, like “ Do you like to read?”, which presumably helps identify a better test for you;-) I am sorry, but think it’s garbage! I was most likely generated by marketers who make you create an account at Princeton Review to allow you to see your Quiz results. I should say this is an excellent marketing tool for the Princeton Review, but not a good decision strategy!

Well, let me just say that liking to read and being able to read fast, mine for details and make inferences is NOT the same thing;-)

Instead of such meager test I usually present my students with the full disclosure. The two tests are different, but they are equally hard!

I strongly believe that preparing for both tests will only drain your energy and your parent’s wallet, since you will have to pay for extra books, testing sessions and courses. My suggestion is to pick one test and stick with it, but make it an educated pick.

Below is a quick excerpt from Prep Scholar which I found very helpful.

Take the New SAT® If You...

#1: Panic when faced with time limits

One of the most noticeable differences between the redesigned SAT® and the ACT is the amount of time per question—you have much more of it on the SAT® . This doesn't actually make the SAT® easier, since its actual questions tend to be harder, but it does mean that the ACT feels like more of a time crunch than the SAT® .

As such, doing well on the ACT requires calm in the face of time limits. If you struggle to move through material quickly or tend to panic, you'll likely do better with the SAT® .

#2: Can’t stand the idea of not getting to every question

On the SAT® , you have enough time to get to most of the questions, as long as you use it wisely. On the ACT, you probably won't finish all of the sections unless you're scoring a 30 or above.

If you have an obsessive need to answer every single question, you should stick to the SAT® .

#3: Have a hard time spotting details when you read

SAT® reading questions almost always give you the line number where you can find the relevant information. Even if they don't give you the exact location, the questions are in order, so it's rarely difficult to find information in the passage.

ACT reading questions, on the other hand, are randomly ordered and frequently don't give line numbers, so finding specific details in the passage is one of the trickiest parts. If you struggle with retaining or finding details, you will probably prefer the new SAT® .

#4: Struggle with geometry

ACT math has over three times as many geometry questions as the math section on the redesigned SAT® . Plus, for the ACT, you need to memorize all the formulas, while on the SAT® you're given them at the beginning of the section.

If you have a very hard time with geometry, consider taking the new SAT® .

#5: Want to encounter as little science as possible

The ACT has a science section; the SAT® does not. If you dislike science or struggle with quantitative thinking, you will probably prefer the SAT® .

The redesigned SAT® does include science questions in each of its three sections, so there's no way to escape science entirely. Nonetheless, struggling with science will have less of an effect on your score on the new SAT® than it will on the ACT.

#6: Excel at writing analytical essays in English class

The new SAT® essay asks you to read and analyze a persuasive essay, much like you might for a class assignment. If you like English class, you'll almost certainly prefer the new SAT® essay to the ACT one.

That being said, neither essay effects your overall score, so a preference for one or the other shouldn't play a major role in your decision between the two tests.

Take the ACT If You...

#1: Struggle with vocabulary

Although it no longer has sentence completions questions, the redesigned SAT® still tests more challenging vocabulary on both the reading and writing sections. It also has harder passages on the reading section and more vocab questions overall.

The ACT is the better test if you want to avoid higher-level words like "SAT® iated" and "apprehensive" and older passages with challenging language.

#2: Can't always explain how you know an answer is correct

One of the big changes to the SAT® is the addition of evidence questions on the reading section. These questions ask you to point to the part of the passage that supports your answer to another question—#14 is an example:

Evidence questions aren't as novel as they might seem at first, since, in theory, you should always be able to point to the support for your answer in the passage. But if this is a skill you really struggle with, consider taking the ACT instead.

#3: Are intimidated by doing math without a calculator

The new SAT® has a no-calculator section, so if the idea of doing math without a calculator has you completely freaked out, you may want to stick to the ACT.

However, the no-calculator section really doesn't require any complicated calculations. In fact, all of the math questions on both tests can be done without a calculator, though some are rather challenging.

The question is really whether you feel comfortable doing some basic calculations by hand. If not, the new SAT® will be a challenge for you.

#4: Prefer that different topics be tested in different sections

One of the goals of the SAT® redesign is to integrate important skills across all three sections, so there's more overlap between the different sections than on the ACT.

One key example of this new policy is the presence of quantitative questions in the reading and writing sections of the new SAT® . If you'd prefer to avoid this kind of concept mixing, stick with the ACT.

#5: Have a solid grasp of experimental design

If you like science, and especially if you have a good understanding of how experiments are built and know the difference between independent and dependent variables, consider taking the ACT.

The ACT asks a lot of questions about experimental design while the SAT® new science questions are solely focused on reading charts and graphs. A strong grasp of these concepts will give you a considerable leg up on the ACT.

#6: Like to give your opinion

The ACT essay is all about arguing for your own point (unlike the new SAT® essay, which is about analyzing someone else's argument). If you enjoy stating your opinion and marshaling examples to back it up, then you will probably prefer the ACT essay.

Remember, however, that you may not need to take the essay at all and that, even if you do, it doesn't affect your overall score.

A MUCH BETTER Quiz: Should You Take the ACT or the New SAT® ?

In case you're still on the fence about which test you want to focus on, I've created a handy quiz. It sums up all of the ideas above (except those relating to the optional essays) in one easy-to-use chart.

To use it, just go through and check "yes" or "no" for each question. Then tally up your answers and give yourself one point for each "yes." Scroll down for an explanation of what your score means.

Question Yes No
Do you perform well under time pressure?
Are you okay with not answering every question on a test?
Do you struggle to explain why you think an answer is correct?
Do you have a hard time with high level vocab words?
Can you spot details in a passage without reading it closely?
Do you dread doing math without a calculator?
Do you excel at geometry?
Do you prefer each topic be tested separately?
Do you understand experimental design?
Do you like science?

Let's go through what your score means:

1-3: You're an SAT® person!

If you answered "no" to most of the questions, you'll probably find the new SAT® more your style. You don't mind slightly harder questions as long as you don't have to rush and don't have to cover too much material.

4-7: You can do either!

If you answered "no" and "yes" roughly the same amount, you will probably find the tests equally approachable. If you're willing to put in the time, try taking one practice test for each and see if you have a strong preference.

8-10: You'll like the ACT!

If you answered mostly "yes," then you're more of an ACT person. You don't mind moving quickly, memorizing material, or answering questions about science.

If you are still looking for more resources, look here (® -ultimate-guide/) and here (® -vs-act-which-students-should-take-which)

But here is a fair warning! While you are spending hours on choosing the test to prepare for, you are spending ZERO hours to prepare for the test! Chose a test, commit to it and don’t look back!